A restricted number of production sites
Helium production sites are limited and concentrated in a minority of countries, particularly in United States, Qatar, Algeria, Australia, Russia and Poland.
Helium is a key resource essential for many industries, such as new technologies. The number of uses keeps increasing every day !
UNEQUALLY DISTRIBUTED PRODUCTION
The places of consumption do not coincide with production areas. As a result, Western Europe imports all its helium needs at high energy costs.
Helium has unique properties that most of users have so far not been able to substitute.
Helium synthesis is possible but complex and inefficient to represent a viable alternative.
The majority of helium reserves, mostly discovered by chance, are a by-product of natural gas fields.
HELIUM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES